Education and childcare
Children can face specific and unique challenges arising from their parent’s service in the RAF. Most of these challenges are due to mobility or separation and deployment associated with service life. New assignments often result in the family moving to a new location. For parents, finding suitable childcare or school places can be challenging. For children settling into a new setting, making new friends and continuity of their education can be issues. Parents of children with special educational needs may face particular challenges to find suitable and appropriate provision to meet their children’s needs.
However, many service children are acknowledged as resilient, adaptable and independent and achieve well in academic outcomes.
Education is a devolved responsibility and separate systems and regulations govern early years and education provision in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. See the information on the devolved administration systems later on these pages and you may find these comparison tables of the different school years and curriculums and education across the UK useful. You can find more information on Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland in our ‘regional’ sections and as an introduction, you might find our Briefing Notes useful.
Information and research reports about service children’s education
The Royal British Legion has produced a new best practice guide focusing on Service children in school in England. They also have a guide focusing on Service children in school in Wales with a Welsh language version.
Increasingly families are choosing to settle in one place – so called ‘Dispersed’ families, with spouse and children living separately to a serving person. This can bring its own challenges for children. The Naval Families Federation worked with Kings College on a piece of research in this area and published a useful guide for families in this situation. Whilst based on RN/RM families it has applicability to all families in this situation – you can find information on the research and download the guide on their website.
The education of service children and young people (JSP 342). Joint Service Publication 342 provides policy and guidance for the education of service children and young people.
Directorate of Children and Young People
DCYP is the focal point within the MOD for all matters relating to service children and young people including responsibility for provision of education overseas. Visit their site to access information on moving schools, education in the UK for service children, childcare and higher education as well as education overseas and safeguarding.
DCYP Bites – Policy on a Page
DCYP have produced a series of really helpful factsheets on education and childcare policies. They provide a useful guide on a range of topics, relevant across the UK and overseas, and include contact details and web links for further information. Have a look at the fact sheets here and let us know if they are helpful!
Free Early Years Childcare Entitlement for 3 and 4 year olds
Overseas Nursery Authority (ONA)
Service Pupil Premium (SPP)
Term time absence for Service children
Tax-Free Childcare (TFC)
Universal Infant Free School Meals
Children’s Education Advisory Service
CEAS is part of DCYP and are a small team who provide information and advice to service parents on a wide range of issues regarding the education of service children. This includes schools admissions, SEND provision, Continuity of Education Allowance and boarding schools, overseas education. Their telephone number is 01980 618244 or email on DCYP-CEAS-Enquiries@mod.gov.uk.
Their latest guide to making the most of their support is available online.
CEAS Hints and Tips
There is an article from CEAS that was in Envoy magazine (pgs 26-27) sharing some great advice on working with them by the Team Leader, Sue Smyth.
Service Children’s Progression Alliance (SCIP)
The Service Children’s Progression (SCiP) Alliance is a partnership of organisations including the RAF Families Federation focused on improving outcomes for children from military families across the UK. It is funded by the Ministry of Defence (MOD). RAF FF sit on the Board and Steering group, representing RAF families and children and young people.
The SCiP Alliance’s Mission is to: Champion the progression of the children of serving personnel, so that they can make informed and confident transitions through further and higher education into thriving adult lives and careers.
SCiP have developed a number of very useful resources – for parents, policy and decision makers as well as schools colleges and Universities – visit their website to view guidance and Briefing papers from SCiP and partners on areas such as UCAS personal statements, the impact of non-operational separation and deployment, schools admissions and top tips for educational establishments from children and young people. You can also access the research conducted at the University of Winchester about the progression of service children to higher education. See more on the Higher Education section.
Service Children in State Schools (SCISS)
SCISS is an affiliation of thousands of state-maintained schools in England that have Service children on roll and is led by a National Executive Advisory Committee (NEAC) of headteachers; Local Authority officers/advisers; representatives from the three Armed Forces Families Federations and representatives from the Service Children Progression Alliance (SCiP), the DfE and the MOD’s Directorate for Children and Young People (DCYP) Global Education Team.
SCISS aims to be the voice of schools, influencing policy and practice and sharing good practice amongst those school with service children. RAF FF will continue to work with them, through the NEAC to do this.
Louise Briggs is the RAF Families Federation Policy Advisor for Education and Childcare – if you have any comments she would love to hear from you – email@example.com
If you have any evidence you would like to report to us or an issue you need help with then you can contact us with that too – please use the ‘report an issue button’ at the top of the screen.
Defence Policy – Education, children and young people
A number of defence policies cover issues with service children, see below for some of the main ones. All the policies are available on the Defence Intranet or some or all of them at the web links below:
JSP 834 – Safeguarding Children and Young people – Available from station welfare team or Defence Intranet.
JSP 760 – Tri-Service Regulations for Leave and Other Types of Absence – including absences on medical grounds, compassionate leave, maternity leave, adoption leave, paternity leave, shared parental leave and parental leave.
JSP 770 – Tri-service operational and non-operational welfare policy – this includes requirements in terms of SEND and education if you are thinking of serving overseas. Available from station welfare team or Defence Intranet.
JSP 464 Tri service accommodation – including retaining SFA for educational reasons. Chapter 7, section VIII, 0725 (i)
Page image: Children taking part in an RAF Youth & Stem Programme event in Scotland. Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.