RAF role and structure
The Royal Air Force delivers the UK Defence Vision by:
- Protecting the UK and her interests 24/7
- Providing the Nation with choice in times of crisis
- Maximising the return on public investment
We work together on our core task to produce battle-winning people and equipment. Our people lie at the heart of this capability
The RAF carries out tasks given to it by the Government. Its main job is to help defend the interests of the UK, which consists of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. This may involve service overseas as part of a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Force or any other multi-national deployment. Service personnel may also be deployed on United Nations (UN) operations and used to help in other emergencies. The list below shows how a Service personnel, squadrons and units fits into the RAF and how the RAF is controlled by Government.
- The Queen
- The Government
- Ministry of Defence (MOD)
- Secretary of State for Defence and Ministers
- Chief of the Defence Staff
- Chief of the Air Staff
- Air Force Board
- Air Command
1 Group ‘To generate and develop effective Combat Air Power’
2 Group ‘To Project, Protect and Support’ Force Elements on Operations and Exercises Worldwide
22 Group – ‘Recruits RAF personnel and provides trained specialist personnel to the RAF and other two Services.
- RAF Stations (about 5000 people) Individual Stn websites
- Wings (about 300 people)
- Squadrons (about 120 people)
- Flights (about 30 people)
There are also 12,500 RAF personnel under Air Command who fall outside this general structure and form the ‘diaspora’.
Since 1949 the UK has belonged to NATO. NATO aims to provide a common defence for its members in both Europe and further afield. British troops also serve in Germany, Brunei, Cyprus, Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands. In addition the RAF are deployed on operations worldwide, for instance to the Middle East.
Here is the rank structure for commissioned ranks of the Royal Air Force.
Ranks are shown in ascending order. In many cases, the Royal Air Force rank will be the junior of the three Services, the Royal Navy having seniority over both the Army and RAF.
Rank insignia for commissioned ranks is worn on the lower arm of dress uniform.
MRAF Marshal of the Royal Air Force
ACM Air Chief Marshal
AM Air Marshal
AVM Air Vice Marshal
Air Cdr Air Commodore
Gp Capt Group Captain
Wg Cdr Wing Commander
Sqn Ldr Squadron Leader
Flt Lt Flight Lieutenant
Fg Off Flying Officer
Plt Off Pilot Officer
APO Acting Pilot Officer
Here is the rank structure for other ranks of the Royal Air Force.
Rank insignia for non-commissioned ranks is, with the exception of Warrant Officer, worn on the upper arm of dress uniform. Warrant Officer badges are worn on the lower arm.
WO Warrant Officer
FS Flight Sergeant
CT Chief Technician
LCpl Lance Corporal
JT Junior Technician
SAC Senior Aircraftman
LAC Leading Aircraftman
Non-Commissioned aircrew (NC aircrew)
Rank insignia for Non-Commissioned Aircrew ranks is, with the exception of Master Aircrew, worn on the upper arm of dress uniform, Master Aircrew badges are worn on the lower arm.
MACR Master Aircrew
FS Flight Sergeant (Aircrew)
Sgt Sergeant (Aircrew)
Inspired to join the RAF?
The RAF Recruitment website has interactive sections where you can explore the many job roles available – HR, intelligence, Cyberspace Communication Specialist, RAF Regiment Gunner, Chef, Catering and Hospitality, Logistics Driver, RAF Police, Electrician – there are really so many choices!
The website also shares what you need per role along with fitness requirements to be eligible so quite useful.